Structural Study of the Thermal and Photochemical Spin States in the Spin Crossover Complex [Fe(phen)₂(NCSe)₂]
The first structural data for [Fe(phen)2(NCSe)2] (obtained using the extraction method of sample preparation) in its high-spin, low-spin and LIESST induced metastable high-spin states have been recorded using synchrotron radiation single crystal diffraction. the space group for all of the spin states was found to be Pbcn. on cooling from the high-spin state (HS-1) at 292 K through the spin crossover at about 235 K to the low-spin state at 100 K (LS-1) the iron coordination environment changed to a more regular octahedral geometry and the Fe-N bond lengths decreased by 0.216 and 0.196 Å (Fe-N(phen)) and 0.147 Å (Fe-N(CSe)). when the low-spin state was illuminated with visible light at about 26 K, the structure of this LIESST induced metastable high-spin state (HS-2 was very similar to that of HS-1 with regards to the Fe-phen bond lengths, but there were some differences in the bond lengths in the Fe-NCSe unit between HS-1 and HS-2. when HS-2 was warmed in the dark to 50 K, the resultant low-spin state (LS-2) had an essentially identical structure to LS-1. in all spin states, all of the shortest intermolecular contacts (in terms of van der Waals radii) involved the NCSe ligand, which may be important in describing the cooperativity in the solid state. the quality of the samples was confirmed by magnetic susceptibility and IR measurements.
E. MacLean and C. M. McGrath and C. J. O'Connor and C. Sangregorio and J. M. Seddon and E. Sinn and F. E. Sowrey and S. J. Teat and A. E. Terry and G. B. Vaughan and N. A. Young, "Structural Study of the Thermal and Photochemical Spin States in the Spin Crossover Complex [Fe(phen)₂(NCSe)₂]," Chemistry - a European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Jan 2003.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200304865
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