Earth is connected gravitationally, magnetically and electrically to its heat source and the source of its chemical elements - a neutron star obscured from view by waste products in the photosphere. Neutron repulsion makes the solar core like the hot filament in an incandescent light bulb. Excited neutrons are emitted from the pulsar, decay to hydrogen, and partially fuse into the helium now trapped with it in the photosphere, like a frosted light bulb. Neutron repulsion is the overlooked source of energy, the keystone of an arch that locks together many earlier, puzzling observations: 1.) Excess 136Xe accompanied primordial helium in stellar debris that formed the solar system (Fig. 1); 2.) The Sun formed on the supernova core (Fig. 2); 3.) Waste products from the pulsar pass through an iron-rich mantle, selectively carrying lighter elements and lighter isotopes of each element into the photosphere (Figs. 3-4); and 4.) Neutron repulsion triggers reactions that power the Sun and sustain life (Figs. 5-7). Neutron repulsion triggers the reactions that cause: a.) Solar luminosity, solar neutrinos, and solar-wind hydrogen and helium; b.) Formation of an inhabitable planet and evolution of life on stellar debris orbiting an ordinary-looking star; c.) Creation and destruction of chemical elements; d.) Fission or fragmentation of the cores of heavy atoms, stars and galaxies, and e.) Continuous climate change on planet Earth.



Keywords and Phrases

Accretion Disk; Element Synthesis; Iron; Neutron Repulsion; Neutron Star; Nucleon Interactions; Planetary System; Pulsar; Solar Energy; Solar Luminosity; Solar System; Solar Wind; Star Formation; Stellar Evolution; Supernova Remnant

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Accepted Manuscript

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© 2012 Walter de Gruyter, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2012

Included in

Chemistry Commons