Liquid Chromatography Analysis of N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)-glycine in Biological Samples by ThioGlo™ 3 Derivatization


N-(2-Mercaptopropionyl)-glycine (MPG) is a synthetic aminothiol antioxidant that is used in the treatment of cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis, liver and skin disorders. Recent studies have shown that MPG can function as a chelating, cardioprotecting and a radioprotecting agent. Several other studies have shown that it may also act as a free radical scavenger because of its thiol group. Thiol-containing compounds have been detected in biological samples by various analytical methods such as spectrophotometric and colorimetric methods. However, these methods require several milliliters of a sample, time-consuming procedures and complicated derivatization steps, as well as having high detection limits. the present study describes a rapid, sensitive and relatively simple method for detecting MPG in biological tissues by using reverse-phase HPLC. with ThioGlo™ 3 [3H-Naphto[2,1-b] pyran, 9-acetoxy-2-(4-(2,5-dihydro-2,5-dioxo-1H-pyrrol-1-yl) phenyl-3-oxo-)] as the reagent, highly fluorescent derivatives of thiols can be obtained that are suitable for HPLC. MPG is derivatized with ThioGlo™ 3 and is then detected flourimetrically by reverse phase HPLC using a C18 column as the stationary phase. Acetonitrile: Water (75:25) with acetic acid and phosphoric acid (1 mL/L) is used as the mobile phase (excitation wavelength, 365 nm; emission wavelength, 445 nm). the calibration curve for MPG is linear over a range of 10-2500 nM (r=0.999) and the coefficients of the variation of within-run and between-run precision were found to be 0.3 and 2.1%, respectively. the detection limit was 5.07 nM per 20 μL injection volume. Quantitative relative recovery of MPG in the biological samples (plasma, lung, liver, kidney and brain) ranged from 90.5±5.3 to 106.7±9.3%. Based on these results, we have concluded that this method is suitable for determining MPG in biological samples.



Keywords and Phrases

Derivatization; Liquid chromatography

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Article - Journal

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© 2004 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2004