Tracking the Heavy Metal Contaminants Entrained with the Flow into a Trickle Bed Hydrotreating Reactor Packed with Different Catalyst Shapes using Newly Developed Noninvasive Dynamic Radioactive Particle Tracking


A newly developed modified Dynamic Radioactive Particle Tracking system (DRPT) was used to investigate the heavy metal contaminants deposition locations in different catalyst beds, sphere, cylinder, trilobe, and quadrilobed in Trickle Bed Reactors. In the present paper, Kernel Density Estimator (KDE) was used to estimate the probability density distributions of heavy metal contaminants depositions in terms of bed radius height. The result shows that the four cases have similar probability density distribution in terms of radius, while the spherical catalyst has the larger distribution range in terms of bed height. The heavy metal deposition is directly related to the pressure drops along the bed height which indicate the bed porosity and intricate bed structure in catalyst packed beds. Heavy metals have more chance to deposit at higher levels of packed beds with higher pressure drops.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Heavy metal contaminants; Kernel Density Estimation; RPT; Trickle Bed Reactors

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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Publication Date

01 Feb 2022