Enhanced Stability of Fe-Modified Cuo-Zno-Zro₂-Al₂O₃/HZSM-5 Bifunctional Catalysts for Dimethyl Ether Synthesis from Co₂ Hydrogenation
A series of iron (Fe) modified CuO-ZnO-ZrO2-Al2O₃ (CZZA) catalysts, with various Fe loadings, were prepared using a co-precipitation method. A bifunctional catalyst, consisting of Fe-modified CZZA and HZSM-5, was studied for dimethyl ether (DME) synthesis via CO2 hydrogenation. The effects of Fe loading, reaction temperature, reaction pressure, space velocity, and concentrations of precursor for the synthesis of the Fe-modified CZZA catalyst on the catalytic activity of DME synthesis were investigated. Long-term stability tests showed that Fe modification of the CZZA catalyst improved the catalyst stability for DME synthesis via CO2 hydrogenation. The activity loss, in terms of DME yield, was significantly reduced from 4.2% to 1.4% in a 100 h run of reaction, when the Fe loading amount was 0.5 (molar ratio of Fe to Cu). An analysis of hydrogen temperature programmed reduction revealed that the introduction of Fe improved the reducibility of the catalysts, due to assisted adsorption of H2 on iron oxide. The good stability of Fe-modified CZZA catalysts in the DME formation was most likely attributed to oxygen spillover that was introduced by the addition of iron oxide. This could have inhibited the oxidation of the Cu surface and enhanced the thermal stability of copper during long-term reactions.
X. Fan et al., "Enhanced Stability of Fe-Modified Cuo-Zno-Zro₂-Al₂O₃/HZSM-5 Bifunctional Catalysts for Dimethyl Ether Synthesis from Co₂ Hydrogenation," Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 38, pp. 106 - 113, Elsevier, Oct 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2020.11.031
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Intelligent Systems Center
Keywords and Phrases
CO2 hydrogenation; Cu-ZnO based catalyst; Dimethyl ether (DME); Iron (Fe); Stability
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Oct 2021