Roles of Interaction between Components in CZZA/HZSM-5 Catalyst for Dimethyl Ether Synthesis via Co₂ Hydrogenation

Alternative Title

Roles of interaction between components in CuO-ZnO-ZrO2-Al2O3/HZSM-5 bifunctional catalysts for direct synthesis of dimethyl ether via CO2 hydrogenation


The roles of interaction between two catalyst components in CuO-ZnO-ZrO2-Al2O₃ (CZZA)/HZSM-5 bifunctional catalyst for dimethyl ether (DME) synthesis via carbon dioxide hydrogenation were investigated. It was found that CZZA catalyst showed excellent stability during methanol (MeOH) synthesis for 100 h, while there was a severe loss of catalytic activity in the bifunctional catalyst for DME synthesis. Hence, the effects of different degrees of intimacy of two catalyst components were studied for DME synthesis, including mixed and separated modes. For the mixed mode, the particle size of catalysts and the amount of reaction intermediates were proven to influence the catalyst deactivation. For the separated mode, the catalysts showed rapid deactivation within a short time. Various characterizations indicated that the remarkable deactivation of separated mode was mainly caused by the decrease of copper active centers (e.g., sintering and oxidation) and blockage of acid sites via increased coke deposition on HZSM-5.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center


This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through contract DE-AR0000806.

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1547-5905; 0001-1541

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2021 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2021