The High-Yield Direct Synthesis of Dimethyl Ether from CO₂ and H₂in a Dry Reaction Environment
Direct dimethyl ether (DME) synthesis from CO2 and H2 is considered a promising production route. However, this process is thermodynamically and kinetically restricted by the presence of water as a byproduct. In this study, a water-conduction membrane was incorporated into the direct DME synthesis reactor to generate a dry reaction environment. In the absence of water, the activities of the CO2 hydrogenation catalyst (CZA) and methanol dehydration catalyst (HZSM-5) were boosted 4- and 10-fold, respectively, and single-pass CO2 conversion of up to 73.4%, far beyond equilibrium, and DME yields of up to 54.5% were obtained. Moreover, the good protection of the catalysts against fast deactivation was demonstrated.
H. Li et al., "The High-Yield Direct Synthesis of Dimethyl Ether from CO₂ and H₂in a Dry Reaction Environment," Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 2678-2682, Royal Society of Chemistry, Feb 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ta10417e
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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07 Feb 2021