Diffusion Kinetics of CO₂ in Amine-Impregnated MIL-101, Alumina, and Silica Adsorbents


CO2 sorption kinetics of poly(ethylenimine) (PEI)-impregnated MIL-101, γ-alumina, and UVM-7 silica were investigated by the zero-length column technique for the purpose of understanding the effect of amine content, adsorbent porosity, and adsorption temperature on CO2 sorption rates. Each of the adsorbents was impregnated with three different amine contents (20, 35, and 50 wt%) and the effective diffusion time constants were determined at 25°C. For each respective adsorbent, it was found that increasing the amine content results in diminished diffusion rates. Additionally, it was found that the pore size of the support has a profound effect on diffusional kinetics, where microporous MIL-101 yielded substantially slow desorption rates upon amine-functionalization compared to mesoporous γ-alumina. PEI-impregnated UVM-7 silica was further investigated at 50 and 75°C in order to provide insight into the effect of temperature on sorption kinetics. The results indicated that PEI-impregnated UVM-7 exhibited faster sorption kinetics at higher temperatures. Upon desorption, PEI-UVM-7 silica exhibited two distinct regions of mass-transfer control that occur at different sorption times. This is best explained by first the occurrence of surface diffusion followed by diffusion out of the bulky PEI polymer chains. The findings of this study provide novel kinetic characterizations on promising amino-adsorbents for carbon capture applications.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)

Keywords and Phrases

CO2 capture; diffusion time constant; MIL-101; UVM-7 silica; ZLC technique; gamma-alumina

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0001-1541; 1547-5905

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2019 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2020