Improving the performance of cathodes by using surface coatings has proven to be an effective method for improving the stability of Li-ion batteries (LIBs), while a high-quality film satisfying all requirements of electrochemical inertia, chemical stability, and lithium ion conductivity has not been found. In this study, a composite film composed of Al2O3 and AlF3 layers was coated on the surface of Li1.2Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13O2 (Li-rich NMC) based electrodes by atomic layer deposition (ALD). By varying the ratio of Al2O3 and AlF3, an optimal coating was achieved. The electrochemical characterization results indicated that the coating with 1 cycle of AlF3 ALD on 5 cycles of Al2O3 ALD (1AlF3-5Al2O3) significantly improved the cycling stability and alleviated the voltage attenuation problem of Li-rich NMC based electrodes by suppressing side reactions between the electrolyte and electrode, as well as inhibiting the transformation of layered Li2MnO3 into a spinel-like phase. After 200 cycles of charge-discharge, the discharge capacity retention of LIB half cells based on 1AlF3-5Al2O3 coated Li-rich NMC electrodes kept at 84%, much higher than that of the uncoated Li-rich NMC (the capacity retention less than 20%).
H. Yu et al., "Slightly Fluorination of Al₂O₃ ALD Coating on Li₁.₂Mn₀.₅₄Coo.₁₃Ni₀.₁₃O₂ Electrodes: Interface Reaction to Create Stable Solid Permeable Interphase Layer," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 166, no. 10, ECS, Jun 2019.
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Intelligent Systems Center
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01 Jun 2019