Title

Effect of Methanol and Glycerol on the Structure of Human Serum Albumin in Solution

Abstract

Small angle scattering (SAS) is an important tool to study the structural properties and interactions of biological macromolecules. Numerous studies have been published about the effect of organic solvents on intramolecular protein interactions. However, little attention has been paid to the effect of organic solvents on both intra and inter molecular interactions in protein solutions. The solution behavior of major plasma proteins like human serum albumin (HSA) in the presence of methanol and glycerol was studied by small angle neutron scattering (SANS). Experiments covering a wide range of protein, salt, and cosolvent concentrations at 5, 25, and 45 °C were performed. UV and infrared spectra of selected samples were also obtained to monitor protein denaturation upon addition of the cosolvents. The radius of gyration (Rg), molecular weight and surface area were obtained by curve fitting the experimental data. The overall dimensions of HSA obtained in this work are consistent with previously reported data. Low resolution solution structures of the plasma proteins were obtained using ab initio shape reconstruction by ATSAS 2.8 package. Pairwise distribution function (P(r)) profiles were used to deduce the particle shape using GNOM. Theoretical scattering curves predicted from the models fits well with the experimental data. The models obtained closely resemble the shape of known high resolution crystallographic structures.

Meeting Name

Food, Pharmaceutical and Bioengineering Division 2018 - Core Programming Area at the 2018 AIChE Annual Meeting (2018: Oct. 28-Nov. 2, Pittsburgh, PA)

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Body fluids; Curve fitting; Distribution functions; Glycerol; Methanol; Molecular structure; Neutron scattering; Organic solvents, Biological macromolecule; Human serum albumins; Intermolecular interactions; Protein denaturation; Protein interaction; Shape reconstruction; Small angle scattering; Solution structures, Proteins

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

978-151087620-0

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2018 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2018

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