A Comprehensive Understanding on How Ultrathin Coating Layers on Active Particles Enhance Battery Performance Significantly


Although atomic layer deposition (ALD) coating strategies for active materials in lithium ion batteries are more effective than other coating techniques to improve battery performance, there is substantial uncertainty as to how such coatings are a source of improved performance. A comprehensive model has been developed based on experimental measurements and theoretical analysis to study the effects of various coating strategies on the mechanical and electrochemical reactions of battery systems. Thicker coatings can help provide higher capacity and cycle life improvements, but too thick layers can act as a migration barrier, causing much slower lithium transport, resulting in reduced capacity. In addition, the developed model quantitatively predicts the capacity retention of coated particles by mitigating the dissolution of transition metal ions, which is one important capacity of the metal oxide cathode materials. Experimental observation of coated and uncoated LiMn2O4-Li foil cells supports our framework for modeling and understanding the contribution of thin coatings to the improved behavior of cathode particles.

Meeting Name

231st ECS Meeting (2017: May 28-Jun. 1, New Orleans, LA)


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Second Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Keywords and Phrases

Atomic Layer Deposition; Cathodes; Coated Materials; Coating Techniques; Coatings; Electric Batteries; Electrodes; Lithium; Metal Ions; Metals; Secondary Batteries; Transition Metal Compounds; Transition Metals; Atomic Layer Deposition Coatings; Battery Performance; Capacity Retention; Comprehensive Model; Electrochemical Reactions; Metal Oxide Cathodes; Migration Barriers; Ultrathin Coatings; Lithium-Ion Batteries

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1938-6737; 1938-5862

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2017 The Electrochemical Society (ECS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2017