Analysis of the N-Component N-Phase Equilibrium Extremum Problem
Patton, C.L., Green, K.A. and Luks, K.D., 1992. Analysis of the N-Component N-Phase Equilibrium Extremum Problem. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 72: 267-275. the General Condition for a Pressure Extremum in the N-Component N-Phase Composition Surface When Projected Onto Pressure-Temperature Coordinates is Identified. for N = 2, the Physical Situation is Well Known, Being Either the State of Criticality (Liquid = Gas) or Azeotropy (X1g = X11). for N > 2, It is Shown that the Extremum Results from the Existence of a Linear Relation between the Compositions of the N Phases, with Azeotropy Being a Special Case of that Constraint. © 1992.
C. L. Patton (Luks) et al., "Analysis of the N-Component N-Phase Equilibrium Extremum Problem," Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 72, no. C, pp. 267 - 276, Elsevier, Jan 1992.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(92)85030-C
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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01 Jan 1992