Influence of Strontia on Various Properties of Surgical Simplex® P Acrylic Bone Cement and Experimental Variants


The fact that the composition of acrylic bone cement, as used in cemented primary arthroplasties, is not optimal has been highlighted in the literature. For example: (i) deleterious effects of the radiopacifier (BaSO4 or ZrO2 particles in the powder) have been reported; (ii) there is an indication that pre-polymerized poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) beads in the powder may be dispensed with; and (iii) there is a strong consensus that the accelerator commonly used, N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine (DMPT), is toxic and has many other undesirable properties. At the same time, the effectiveness of drugs that contain a strontium compound in treating the effects of osteoporosis has been explained in terms of the role of strontium in bone formation and resorption. This indicates that strontium compounds may also have desirable effects on osseointegration of arthroplasties. The present study is a detailed evaluation of 24 acrylic bone cement formulations comprising different relative amounts of BaSO4, strontia (as an alternative radiopacifier), pre-polymerized PMMA beads and DMPT. A large number of properties of the curing and cured cement were determined, including setting time, polymerization rate, fracture toughness and fatigue life. The focus was on the radiopacifier, with the finding being that many properties of formulations that contained strontia were about the same or better than those for cements that contained BaSO4. Thus, further developmental work on strontia-containing acrylic bone cements is justified, with a view to making them candidates for use in cemented primary arthroplasties. © 2007 Acta Materialia Inc.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Elsevier; Acta Materialia, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2007

PubMed ID