Acid washing is known to influence the handling properties of ionomer glasses used in glass ionomer cements due to the production of an ion depleted zone on the surface of the glass particles. The influence of acid washing on the particle size distribution and surface area of four glasses was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), particle size analysis (PSA) and accelerated surface area porosimetry (ASAP) and the working and setting times of cements, produced from the glasses, correlated to changes in surface morphology. A linear relationship was found between the specific surface area of acid-washed SiO2-Al2O3-XF2-P2O5 glasses (X being either calcium or strontium) and their cement working and setting times. These changes directly correlated with increases in the mesopore volume. However, the influence of acid washing on the surface morphology was also found to be glass composition-dependant with the addition of sodium into the glass network resulting in no significant change in the surface area or mesopore volume despite changes in the working and setting time. Through examination of the influence of acid washing and glass composition on the specific surface area improvements in the control of the working and setting times of glass ionomer cements may be achieved. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

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01 Aug 2007

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