Effect of Borate Glass Composition on Its Conversion to Hydroxyapatite and on the Proliferation of MC3T3-E1 Cells


Glasses containing varying amounts of B2O3 were prepared by partially or fully replacing the SiO2 in silicate 45S5 bioactive glass with B2O3. The effects of the B2O3 content of the glass on its conversion to hydroxyapatite (HA) and on the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells were investigated in vitro. Conversion of the glasses to HA in dilute (20 mM) K2HPO4 solution was monitored using weight loss and pH measurements. Proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells was determined qualitatively by assay of cell density at the glass interface after incubation for 1 day and 3 days, and quantitatively by fluorescent measurements of total DNA in cultures incubated for 4 days. Higher B2O3 content of the glass increased the conversion rate to HA, but also resulted in a greater inhibition of cell proliferation under static culture conditions. For a given mass of glass in the culture medium, the inhibition of cell proliferation was alleviated by using glasses with lower B2O3 content, by incubating the cell cultures under dynamic rather than static conditions, or by partially converting the glass to HA prior to cell culture.


Biological Sciences

Second Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Bioactive glass; Borate glass; Cell proliferation; Hydroxyapatite; Cell densities; Conversion rates; Culture mediums; Fluorescent measurements; Glass interfaces; In vitro; Static conditions; Static cultures; Weight losses

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2008 John Wiley & Sons, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2008