Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a Disease Caused by Mutations in Different Genes Resulting in Mild, Severe, or Lethal Forms. with No Cure, Researchers Have Investigated the Use of Cell Therapy to Correct the Underlying Molecular Defects of OI. Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) Are of Particular Interest Because of their Differentiation Capacity, Immunomodulatory Effects, and their Ability to Migrate to Sites of Damage. MSCs Can Be Isolated from Different Sources, Expanded in Culture, and Have Been Shown to Be Safe in Numerous Clinical Applications. This Review Summarizes the Preclinical and Clinical Studies of MSCs in the Treatment of OI. Altogether, the Culmination of These Studies Show that MSCs from Different Sources: 1) Are Safe to Use in the Clinic, 2) Migrate to Fracture Sites and Growth Sites in Bone, 3) Engraft in Low Levels, 4) Improve Clinical Outcome But Have a Transient Effect, 5) Have a Therapeutic Effect Most Likely Due to Paracrine Mechanisms, and 6) Have a Reduced Therapeutic Potential When Isolated from Patients with OI.
E. Lang and J. A. Semon, "Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Osteogenesis Imperfecta," Cell Regeneration, vol. 12, no. 1, article no. 7, Springer, Dec 2023.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1186/s13619-022-00146-3
Keywords and Phrases
Cell therapy; Mesenchymal stem cells; Osteogenesis imperfecta; Transplantation
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Dec 2023