Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative Stress and Alter Calcium Homeostasis in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells (BEAS-2B)
The influence of 20 nm zinc oxide particles on intracellular calcium levels and gene expression was studied in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B). There was a steep decline in cell numbers at concentration between 6-10 μg/mL. Intracellular ROS levels and LDH concentrations in the cell culture media were increased in dose-dependent manners. Exposure to ZnO increased intracellular calcium levels. Treatment with an antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) prevented cell loss indicating oxidative stress mediated cytotoxicity. Ca2+ concentrations were elevated by four fold compared to control cells and the elevation was partially attenuated when treated with NAC. Exposure to a sublethal dose of ZnO (5 μg/mL) increased the expression of BNIP, PRDX3, PRNP, and TXRND1 genes which were involved in apoptosis and OS responses. Thus, exposure of BEAS-2B cells to 20 nm ZnO results in 1) a dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity reflected in cell viability reduction, elevated oxidative stress, and cell membrane damage, 2) a dose-dependent elevation of intracellular Ca2+ levels, and 3) several genes induced in apoptosis and OS responses.
C. Huang et al., "Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative Stress and Alter Calcium Homeostasis in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells (BEAS-2B)," Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 45, no. Supplement, Elsevier, Nov 2008.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2008.10.007
15th Annual Meeting of the Society for Free Radical Biology and Medicine (2008: Nov. 19-23, Indianapolis, IN)
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© 2008 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
01 Nov 2008