Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle Disruption of Store-Operated Calcium Entry in a Muscarinic Receptor Signaling Pathway


The influences of ZnO nanoparticles on cellular responses to activation of muscarinic receptors were studied in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the human M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. ZnO particles (20nm) induced cytotoxicity in a time and concentration-dependent manner: following a 24h exposure, toxicity was minimal at concentrations below 20 μg/ml but virtually complete at concentrations above 28 μg/ml. ZnO particles did not affect antagonist binding to M3 receptors or allosteric ligand effects, but increased agonist binding affinity while eliminating guanine nucleotide sensitivity. At a noncytotoxic concentration (10 μg/ml), ZnO increased resting [Ca2+]i from 40 to 130nM without compromising calcium homeostatic mechanisms. ZnO particles had minimal effects on IP3- or thapsigargin-mediated release of intracellular calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum, but strongly inhibited store-operated calcium entry (capacitive calcium entry). The latter effect was seen as (1) a decrease in the plateau phase of the response and (2) a decrease in Ca2+ entry upon introduction of calcium to the extracellular medium following thapsigargin-induced depletion of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum (EC50's ≈ μg/ml). Thus, ZnO nanoparticles interfere with two specific aspects of the M3 signaling pathway, agonist binding and store-operated calcium entry.


Biological Sciences

Keywords and Phrases

Guanine Nucleotide; Muscarinic Receptor; Nanoparticle; Thapsigargin; Zinc Oxide; Animal Cell; Binding Affinity; Binding Site; Calcium Cell Level; Calcium Depletion; Calcium Homeostasis; Calcium Transport; Controlled Study; Cytotoxicity; Endoplasmic Reticulum; Nonhuman; Receptor Binding; Signal Transduction; Animals; Calcium; CHO Cells; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Endoplasmic Reticulum; Homeostasis; Humans; Nanoparticles; Protein Binding; Receptor, Muscarinic M3; Time Factors; Zinc Oxide; Cricetulus griseus; Calcium Signaling; Inositol Trisphosphate (IP3); IP3; Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor; Nanoparticles Toxicity; Phospholipase C[beta]; Store-Operated Calcium Entry (SOCE)

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Article - Journal

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© 2010 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2010

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