Central IT or Shadow IT? Factors Shaping Users' Decision to Go Rogue with IT


Shadow Information Technology (IT) occurs when users develop systems outside of the central information technology department. It provides both benefits and risks. Users procuring shadow IT often do not consider integration with existing enterprise architecture, privacy and security protection, maintenance cost, and legal ramifications. Problems with shadow IT must often be resolved by central IT. It is, thus, important for central IT to determine when users will consider shadow IT, and how shadow IT can be managed. This research analyzes paired interviews with CIOs and senior users to identify factors causing shadow IT. The paper finds that the form the shadow IT/central IT duality takes is based on: (a) perceptions of legitimacy of the Shadow IT by the organization and central IT; and (b) the ability of user departments to procure IT independently.

Meeting Name

35th International Conference on Information Systems "Building a Better World Through Information Systems", ICIS 2014 (2014: Dec. 14-17, Auckland, New Zealand)


Business and Information Technology

Keywords and Phrases

Configuration theory; Legitimacy; Shadow IT

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2014 Association for Information Systems (AIS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Dec 2014

This document is currently not available here.