Etymology of Greek agap- 'love'
Indo-Europeanists have long been mystified by the origin of Greek agap-. It is known that the verb (agapaō, agpadzō) arose before the noun (agapē), which is a back-formation that first appears in the Jewish Hellenistic Greek of the Septuagint (II Kingdoms XIII 15), but scholars have been unable to locate a likely Greek or PIE. root from which agap- could derive.
Cohen, G. L., & Wallfield, J. (1985). Etymology of Greek agap- 'love'. Indogermanische Forschungen, 90, pp. 99-103. De Gruyter.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110243321.99
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31 Dec 1985
To the memory of our good friend and colleague, Gilbert Davidowitz (August 31, 1931-July 21, 1980) who already in the mid-1960s drew our attention to numerous similarities between Greek and the Semitic languages.