Title

Nonequilibrium Brownian Dynamics Simulations of Shear Thinning in Concentrated Colloidal Suspensions

Abstract

The effect of interparticle forces on shear thinning in concentrated aqueous and nonaqueous colloidal suspensions was studied using nonequilibrium Brownian dynamics. Hydrodynamic interactions among particles were neglected. Systems of 108 particles were studied at volume fractions φ of 0.2 and 0.4. For the nonaqueous systems, shear thinning could be correlated with the gradual breakup of small flocs present because of the weak, attractive secondary minimum in the interparticle potential. At the highest shear rate for φ=0.4, the particles were organized into a hexagonally packed array of strings. For the strongly repulsive aqueous systems, the viscosity appeared to be a discontinuous function of the shear rate. For φ=0.4, this discontinuity coincided with a transition from a disordered state to a lamellar structure for the suspension.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Brownian dynamics; Colloidal suspensions; shear thinning; viscosity

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-4715

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1991 Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers, All rights reserved.

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