Calcium copper titanate ceramics were fabricated by cold isostatic pressing at various calcination and sintering conditions. Depending on fabrication condition, three electrical responses were observed in the combined modulus and impedance plots, indicating the presence of two Maxwell-Wagner relaxations. These electrical responses show different response to temperature and applied field. The activation energies, as well as the driving force factors, were calculated for these relations. The determined activation energy values are in the range of 0.57 to 0.65 eV. The contribution of Maxwell-Wagner relaxations to the high permittivity of CCTO and related materials is briefly discussed.
W. Li and R. W. Schwartz, "Maxwell-Wagner Relaxations and their Contributions to the High Permittivity of Calcium Copper Titanate Ceramics," Physical Review B, American Physical Society (APS), Jan 2006.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.75.012104
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
United States. Office of Naval Research
Keywords and Phrases
Calcination; Calcium Compounds; Electric Impedance; Permittivity; Pressing; Ceramics; Copper compunds; Dielectric relaxation; Sintering
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2006 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.