Insoluble Condensation Nuclei: The Effect of Contact Angle, Surface Roughness and Adsorption
Condensation of water vapor on various surfaces was studied experimentally. For surfaces with an air-water contact angle theta less than 20 degree , the experimentally determined values of critical supersaturation S//c agreed with those given by the Volmer theory. At higher theta , the experimental values of S//c were below the Volmer theory values. When the applied supersaturation was less than S//c, condensation was avoided for periods as long as 20 h. It was determined both by experiment and theoretical analysis that the effect of surface roughness is to decrease S//c only slightly. These results suggest that most insoluble airborne particles are not likely to serve as cloud condensation nuclei.
P. C. Mahata and D. J. Alofs, "Insoluble Condensation Nuclei: The Effect of Contact Angle, Surface Roughness and Adsorption," Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, American Meteorological Society, Jan 1975.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1975)032<0116:ICNTEO>2.0.CO;2
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Article - Journal
© 1975 American Meteorological Society, All rights reserved.