Shape Effect on the Performance of Carbon FRP Wraps
At present, fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials are extensively used to strengthen concrete structures and a main application is wrapping compression members such as building and bridge columns for improved strength and ductility. In this case, FRP laminates are intended to provide confinement to the concrete and the cross section shape plays an important role on the effectiveness of the method. The primary purpose of this paper is to introduce a test device and a test method designed to determine the effect of corner radius on the strength of the FRP laminate and on the distribution of the resulting radial stress on the substrate material. Various curvatures were investigated. In the proposed device, they can be realized by using interchangeable inserts. Strain distribution around the corner, failure load, and failure mode of the FRP laminate were monitored and analyzed. The stress concentration in the laminate is studied numerically using the finite element method and compared with experimental results. The relationship between radial stress distribution and corner radius is determined to provide guidance in practical cases.
X. Yang et al., "Shape Effect on the Performance of Carbon FRP Wraps," Journal of Composites for Construction, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Jan 2004.
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
United States. Federal Highway Administration
Keywords and Phrases
Concrete Structures; Fiber Reinforced Polymers; Laminates; Reinforcement; Shape; Tests
Article - Journal
© 2004 American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), All rights reserved.