Effectiveness of Anode in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell with Hydrogen/Oxygen Mixed Gases
A porous Ni/YSZ cermet in mixed hydrogen and oxygen was investigated for its ability to decrease oxygen activity as the anode of a single chamber SOFC. A cell with a dense 300 μm YSZ electrolyte was operated in a double chamber configuration. The Ni-YSZ anode was exposed to a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen of varying compositions while the cathode was exposed to oxygen. Double chamber tests with mixed gas on the anode revealed voltage oscillations linked to lowered power generation and increased resistance. Resistance measurements of the anode during operation revealed a Ni/NiO redox cycle causing the voltage oscillations. The results of these tests, and future tests of similar format, could be useful in the development of single chamber SOFC using hydrogen as fuel.
I. D. Kellogg et al., "Effectiveness of Anode in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell with Hydrogen/Oxygen Mixed Gases," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, Jun 2009.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.02.086
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
United States. Department of Energy
Keywords and Phrases
Anode; Fuel Cell; Hydrogen; NiO; Redox; SOFC; Single Chamber; Voltage Oscillation
Article - Journal
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