Title

Effectiveness of Anode in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell with Hydrogen/Oxygen Mixed Gases

Abstract

A porous Ni/YSZ cermet in mixed hydrogen and oxygen was investigated for its ability to decrease oxygen activity as the anode of a single chamber SOFC. A cell with a dense 300 μm YSZ electrolyte was operated in a double chamber configuration. The Ni-YSZ anode was exposed to a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen of varying compositions while the cathode was exposed to oxygen. Double chamber tests with mixed gas on the anode revealed voltage oscillations linked to lowered power generation and increased resistance. Resistance measurements of the anode during operation revealed a Ni/NiO redox cycle causing the voltage oscillations. The results of these tests, and future tests of similar format, could be useful in the development of single chamber SOFC using hydrogen as fuel.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Second Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Sponsor(s)

GAANN Program
United States. Department of Energy

Keywords and Phrases

Anode; Fuel Cell; Hydrogen; NiO; Redox; SOFC; Single Chamber; Voltage Oscillation

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2009 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

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