Non-isothermal Calorimetric Studies of the Crystallization of Lithium Disilicate Glass
The influence of preannealing treatments on the polymorphic crystallization of lithium disilicate glasses is examined. As expected, glasses heated at different rates through the temperature range where there is significant nucleation develop widely different numbers of nuclei. This can dramatically influence the stability and transformation characteristics of the annealed glass. Non-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) measurements are demonstrated to be useful to probe the nucleation behavior. The first systematic investigations of particle size effects on the non-isothermal transformation behavior are presented and discussed. Based on DTA and microscopy experiments, we show that small particles of lithium disilicate glasses crystallize primarily by surface crystallization. The relative importance of surface versus volume crystallization is examined by varying particle size, by introducing nucleating agents and by exposing glasses to atmospheres of different water content. These data are analyzed quantitatively using a numerical model developed in a second paper following in this volume.
C. S. Ray et al., "Non-isothermal Calorimetric Studies of the Crystallization of Lithium Disilicate Glass," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, Aug 1996.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(96)00401-2
Materials Science and Engineering
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