Title

Properties of Glass-ceramic Seals for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Abstract

The thermal stability of invert glass-ceramics, based on crystalline pyro- and orthosilicate phases, developed for hermetic seals for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are described. The effects of long-term (up to 60 days) high temperature (up to 800°C) heat treatments on the properties of the glass-ceramics in oxidizing and reducing environments were evaluated by dilatometric analyses, x-ray diffraction, weight loss measurements, and impedance spectroscopy. The glass-ceramics have thermal expansion coefficients in the range 9.5-11.5 × 10-6/°C and can be sealed to SOFC materials, including Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) and Cr-steel interconnect alloys, at or below 900°C. The thermal expansion characteristics of some glassceramics remain essentially unchanged after >40 days at 800°C, and the glass conductivity at 750°C remains constant (in the range 0.3-1.0 × 10-7 S/cm) in forming gas.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Environments; Hermetic; Orthosilicate; Thermal

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Platinum

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2008 American Ceramic Society, All rights reserved.

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