Title

Synthesis, Densification, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Samarium Hexaboride Ceramic

Abstract

Samarium hexaboride (SmB6) powders were synthesized by boro/carbothermal reduction of Sm2O3 with B4C. Nominally pure SmB6 powder had a mean particle size of about 400 nm and an oxygen content of 0.12 wt%. SmBO3 formed as an intermediate phase during the synthesis. The synthesized powder was hot pressed at 1950°C to produce SmB6 ceramics with relative densities > 99.6% and a mean grain size of 4.4 µm. Vickers' hardness was 20.1 ± 0.7 GPa. Young's modulus measured by bending and ultrasonic methods was 271 and 244 GPa, respectively. The flexure strength was 253 ± 79 MPa and fracture toughness was 2.1 ± 0.1 MPa m1/2. These are the first reported results of the microstructure and bulk mechanical behavior of SmB6 ceramics.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Comments

YSH acknowledges suppor t from the National Science Foundation under grant number DMR 1255607.
Article in Press

Keywords and Phrases

Densification; Mechanical Properties; Microstructure; Samarium Hexaboride; Synthesis

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0002-7820; 1551-2916

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2018 American Ceramic Society, All rights reserved.

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