Sintering Mechanisms and Kinetics for Reaction Hot-Pressed ZrB2
Sintering mechanisms and kinetics were investigated for ZrB2 ceramics produced using reaction hot pressing. Specimens were sintered at temperatures ranging from 1800-C to 2100-C for times up to 120 min. ZrB2 was the primary phase, although trace amounts of ZrO2 and C were also detected. Below 2000⁰C, the densification mechanism was grain-boundary diffusion with an activation energy of 241 ± 41 kJ/mol. At higher temperatures, the densification mechanism was lattice diffusion with an activation energy of 695 ± 62 kJ/mol. Grain growth exponents were determined to be ~4.5, which indicated that a grain pinning mechanism was active in both temperature regimes. The diffusion coefficients for grain growth were 1.5 x 10-16 cm4/s at 1900⁰C and 2.1 x 10-15 cm4/s at 2100⁰C. This study revealed that dense ZrB2 ceramics can be produced by reactive hot pressing in shorter times and at lower temperatures than conventional hot pressing of commercial powders.
J. M. Lonergan et al., "Sintering Mechanisms and Kinetics for Reaction Hot-Pressed ZrB2," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 2344-2351, Blackwell Publishing Inc., Aug 2015.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jace.13544
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Activation energy; Ceramic materials; Chemical activation; Diffusion; Grain boundaries; Hot pressing; Reaction kinetics; Sintering; Commercial powders; Densification mechanisms; Grain growth exponent; Grain-boundary diffusion; Lower temperatures; Reactive hot pressing; Sintering mechanism; Temperature regimes
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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