Evaluation of Ti Implants Coated with Ag-containing Borate Bioactive Glass for Simultaneous Eradication of Infection and Fracture Fixation in a Rabbit Tibial Model
Messing, Gary L.
The ability of silver (Ag)-containing borate bioactive glass (BG) coatings to improve the biocompatibility and antibacterial properties of titanium (Ti) implants was investigated in vitro and in vivo in a rabbit tibial fracture model. Dense coatings of borate BG (thickness ≈ 20 μm) containing 0, 0.75, and 1.0 wt% Ag2O were prepared by depositing a layer of particles on Ti plates, followed by sintering at 900 °C. The as-prepared coatings had an adhesive strength of 10 ± 1 MPa, and when immersed in an aqueous phosphate (K2HPO4) solution, the coatings converted to hydroxyapatite, releasing Ag+ ions continuously for over 4 wk. After implantation of BG-coated Ti constructs in a rabbit tibial fracture model and of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-induced osteomyelitis, the BG coating doped with 1.0 wt% Ag2O was most effective for the simultaneous eradication of the infection and fracture fixation. Implants coated with Ag-containing BG coatings could provide an approach for reducing implant-related bone infection.
W. Xiao et al., "Evaluation of Ti Implants Coated with Ag-containing Borate Bioactive Glass for Simultaneous Eradication of Infection and Fracture Fixation in a Rabbit Tibial Model," Journal of Materials Research, Materials Research Society, Jan 2012.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2012.375
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Silver-Containing Borate Glass; Bacteriostasis; Bioactive Glass Coating; Bone Infection; Bone Fracture Repair
Article - Journal
© 2012 Materials Research Society, All rights reserved.