Title

Regulation of G-protein αi2 Subunit Expression by Oxidized Low-density Lipoprotein

Abstract

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) inhibits signalling pathways mediated by pertussis toxin-sensitive guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (Gi proteins). To determine whether this inhibition is due to altered G protein alpha i subunit expression, mRNA and protein levels of alpha i isoforms were assessed in bovine aortic endothelial cells treated with oxidized LDL (0-100 micrograms/ml, 0-72 h). Oxidized LDL did not affect the expression of alpha i3, but did cause time- and concentration-dependent decrease in alpha i2 mRNA and protein resulting in a 3.2- and 3.5-fold reduction, respectively, after 72 h. This decrease in alpha i2 coincided with a 86% decrease in alpha i2 GTPase activity. Nuclear run-off studies did not show any significant effect of oxidized LDL on alpha i2 or alpha i3 transcription. In the presence of actinomycin D, oxidized LDL shortened the t1/2 of alpha i2 mRNA from 16 h to 8 h which was attenuated by cycloheximide. In addition, pulse-chase labelling with [35S]methionine revealed that oxidized LDL reduced the t1/2 of alpha i2 protein from 27 to 14 h. Our results indicate that oxidized LDL can modulate receptor-Gi coupling by downregulating the expression of alpha i2, but not alpha i3. The mechanism involves both mRNA destabilization and protein degradation.

Department(s)

Mathematics and Statistics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0021-9738

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1995 American Society for Clinical Investigation, All rights reserved.

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