Masters Theses

Alternative Title

Three dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of solid oxide fuel cell using different fuels

Abstract

"Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology has been of great interest over many years due to its flexibility in using different fuels for operation; including the fundamental fuel i.e. Hydrogen. Various computational and numerical models have been developed along with experimental work to evaluate the performance as well as to identify and overcome the problems faced in the development of SOFC's. In an attempt to achieve efficient operation with respect to design and combined thermal and electrochemical perspective, the main objective of the proposed study is to present a three-dimensional computational model, which will serve as a framework for the analysis and optimization of SOFC's. A three-dimensional model of a tubular SOFC was developed to study the effect of temperature and electrolyte thickness variations on its performance. A commercial Computational Fluid dynamics (CFD) software ANSYS FLUENT 12.0 was used for the development of the model which incorporates an interactive 3-D electro-thermo-chemical fluid flow analysis. The particular model, after validation against experimental observations for selected benchmark cases, was demonstrated to be compatible for intermediate temperature operations using hydrogen as fuel. The performance of the model was analyzed by varying electrolyte thicknesses from 2-100 µm. The same model was further evaluated using different fuels such as CH₄ (methane) and CO (carbon monoxide), including the modeling of the reformation and the water-gas shift reactions. The results were compared to other computationally less expensive, analytical and empirical models, thus confirming the given model to be used as a basic model for future research on intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells"--Abstract, page iii.

Advisor(s)

Köylü, Ümit Ö. (Ümit Özgür)
Hosder, Serhat

Committee Member(s)

Dogan, Fatih

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Mechanical Engineering

Sponsor(s)

Air Force Research Laboratory (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio). Materials and Manufacturing Directorate
Missouri University of Science and Technology. Energy Research Development Center

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2011

Pagination

x, 73 pages

Rights

© 2011 Sachin Laxman Puthran, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Computational fluid dynamics
Direct energy conversion -- Measurement
Solid oxide fuel cells
Water-gas -- Analysis

Thesis Number

T 9940

Print OCLC #

794685114

Electronic OCLC #

755634747

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