Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

Published results from laboratory tests show that an increase in the percentage of fines generally leads to a reduction of the cyclic liquefaction resistance of a sand, while empirical correlations from in-situ tests consider the presence of fines as beneficial. In order to study this seemingly not univocal effect of tines content, this paper involves the integrated framework of Critical State Soil Mechanics. For this purpose, firstly the effect of tines on the location of the Critical State Line (CSL) is studied through statistical analysis of a large data set of triaxial element tests. Results show that fines affect the CSL location in the (e-lnp) space, but not its slope in (p-q) space. In particular, an increase of fines content practically leads to a clockwise rotation of the CSL in (e-lnp) space. Introducing this finding as a mere change in parameter values of an appropriate Critical State constitutive model, simulations of cyclic undrained triaxial tests were performed. These simulations show that the presence of fines is beneficial at relatively small effective stresses, i.e. the stresses prevailing at liquefiable layers in-situ. Furthermore, these simulations show that the effect is reversed at relatively large effective stresses, i.e. the stresses usually considered in laboratory tests.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

A Critical State Evaluation of Fines Effect on Liquefaction Potential

San Diego, California

Published results from laboratory tests show that an increase in the percentage of fines generally leads to a reduction of the cyclic liquefaction resistance of a sand, while empirical correlations from in-situ tests consider the presence of fines as beneficial. In order to study this seemingly not univocal effect of tines content, this paper involves the integrated framework of Critical State Soil Mechanics. For this purpose, firstly the effect of tines on the location of the Critical State Line (CSL) is studied through statistical analysis of a large data set of triaxial element tests. Results show that fines affect the CSL location in the (e-lnp) space, but not its slope in (p-q) space. In particular, an increase of fines content practically leads to a clockwise rotation of the CSL in (e-lnp) space. Introducing this finding as a mere change in parameter values of an appropriate Critical State constitutive model, simulations of cyclic undrained triaxial tests were performed. These simulations show that the presence of fines is beneficial at relatively small effective stresses, i.e. the stresses prevailing at liquefiable layers in-situ. Furthermore, these simulations show that the effect is reversed at relatively large effective stresses, i.e. the stresses usually considered in laboratory tests.