Session Start Date

6-1-1988

Abstract

Xian city, the most well known ancient city of China for her incredible Terra Cotta Warriers and so forth, has been suffered from ground fracture for years. Surface ruptures and "faultings" encountered in strips all over the city. Hundreds of buildings were severely destroyed and many of them even have been demolished. Ground failures wide-spread and enlarged from time to time, especially right from Tangshan earthquake of July 28, 1976. Therefore serious concerns and suspicious of being associated with major earthquakes have arosed. Thus it has been a problem of both engineering and social influence. Like many other cities in China and even in the world such as Houston, Texas, USA, surface faulting or surface rupture often caused many guess-works and arguments among different engineers, geologists and seismologists. In turn, many projects either underway or co be undertaken will be seriously lagged out due to discrepancies of different assessment and measures of mitigation. The authors have been deeply involved in surface faulting and ruptures as a background for exploring the mechanism and predicting its possible effects from the engineering point of view. In this paper, the authors introduce their systematic ease study on Xian ground failures towards this end, including site investigations, typical damages assessment, numerical analysis on fracture mechanism, model tests in laboratory and comprehensive evaluations etc. Conclusions were drawn not only for this particular ancient city but also provided a referential real ease for the like in the world.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Second Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

6-1-1988

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1988 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM

Case Study – Ground Failures and Ruptures in Xian City

Xian city, the most well known ancient city of China for her incredible Terra Cotta Warriers and so forth, has been suffered from ground fracture for years. Surface ruptures and "faultings" encountered in strips all over the city. Hundreds of buildings were severely destroyed and many of them even have been demolished. Ground failures wide-spread and enlarged from time to time, especially right from Tangshan earthquake of July 28, 1976. Therefore serious concerns and suspicious of being associated with major earthquakes have arosed. Thus it has been a problem of both engineering and social influence. Like many other cities in China and even in the world such as Houston, Texas, USA, surface faulting or surface rupture often caused many guess-works and arguments among different engineers, geologists and seismologists. In turn, many projects either underway or co be undertaken will be seriously lagged out due to discrepancies of different assessment and measures of mitigation. The authors have been deeply involved in surface faulting and ruptures as a background for exploring the mechanism and predicting its possible effects from the engineering point of view. In this paper, the authors introduce their systematic ease study on Xian ground failures towards this end, including site investigations, typical damages assessment, numerical analysis on fracture mechanism, model tests in laboratory and comprehensive evaluations etc. Conclusions were drawn not only for this particular ancient city but also provided a referential real ease for the like in the world.