Title

Ductoagathoxylon Jimsarensis gen. nov. et sp. nov., A Gymnospermous Stem from the Wuchiapingian (Upper Permian) Wutonggou Formation in the Junggar Basin, Northern Bogda Mountains, Northwestern China

Abstract

A silicified stem, Ductoagathoxylon jimsarensis Wan, Yang, Liu et Wang gen. nov. et sp. nov., is described from the Wuchiapingian (late Permian) Wutonggou Formation from the Dalongkou section, Jimsar County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwestern China. It is composed of a pith, and primary and secondary xylem. The stem is characterized by a solid, heterocelluar pith with grouped secretory ducts and cells, an end- to mesarch primary xylem, and an Agathoxylon-type secondary xylem. Based on the Agathoxylon-type secondary xylem and the occurrence of secretory ducts and cells in the pith, it is suggested that Ductoagathoxylon is of a coniferous affinity. It provides additional evidence for the biodiversity of the Wuchiapingian Subangaran flora in northwestern China. Growth rings and false rings in D. jimsarensis and other previously reported fossil woods from the Wutonggou Formation in the Junggar Basin indicate both seasonal and intra-seasonal growth variations caused by environmental stress and precipitation seasonality. The fossil stem records suggest varying climatic and environmental conditions between the Dalongkou section in the northern Bogda Mountains and the Tarlong-Taodonggou sections, about 70 km to the south, in the southern Bogda Mountains during the Wuchiapingian.

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Angara Flora; Ductoagathoxylon Jimsarensis; Fossil Wood; Junggar Basin; Permian; Anatomy; Biodiversity; Climate Conditions; Flora; Fossil Record; Gymnosperm; Precipitation (Climatology); Seasonal Variation; Wood; Xylem; Bogda Mountains; China; Tien Shan; Xinjiang Uygur; Agathoxylon

Geographic Coverage

Northwestern China

Time Period

Permian

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

346667

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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