Cathodoluminescence Microscopy: A Valuable Technique for Studying Ceramic Materials
Over the past 10 to 20 years, cathodo-luminescence microscopy (CLM) has become an important, standard technique for studying many geological materials, but its application to ceramic material has not been fully realized. CLM has been found to be especially valuable in determining original porosity in carbonate rocks, a feature that was extremely important in determining the ability of petroleum and related fluids to migrate through the rocks and concentrate in the favorable structures where petroleum is found today. CLM constitutes one of the most significant techniques employed in the exploration for petroleum, but the results of those investigations remain largely unpublished in company files. A number of investigations have discussed the application of cathodoluminescence (CL) to studies of porosity in carbonates. Other applications of CLM to geology involve metals exploration. Halos of red CL feldspar in the rocks around carbon-atite deposits, which may contain rare earths, copper, and other metals, contrast with feldspar crystals with blue or blue-green CL that are distal from the ore deposits. Dolomite associated with lead-zinc ores may exhibit growth zoning by CL that can be used to trace the path of the ore fluids for distances of 100 miles or more. The detection of host rock limestone alteration in the Tri-State zinc-lead district, potassic and argillic alteration at the Henderson molybdenite mine, and ore guides in other metallic deposits by CL was discussed by Hagni.
R. D. Hagni and M. Karakus, "Cathodoluminescence Microscopy: A Valuable Technique for Studying Ceramic Materials," MRS Bulletin, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 54-59, Cambridge University Press, Nov 1989.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1557/S0883769400061212
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
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