Frequency-Domain Channel Estimation and Equalization for Broadband Wireless Communications
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Frequency-domain equalization (FDE) is an effective technique for high data rate wireless communication systems suffering from very long intersymbol interference. Most of existing FDE algorithms are limited to quasi-static or slow time-varying fading channels, where least mean squares (LMS) or recursive least squares (RLS) adaptive algorithms were utilized for channel estimation. In this paper, we employ interpolation method to develop channel estimation algorithm in the frequency domain. We show that the new channel estimation algorithm can significantly outperform LMS and RLS algorithms. Numerical examples demonstrate that the new algorithm can track time-varying fading channels with Doppler up to 300-400 Hz. This means, for 1.9 GHz carrier frequency band, the new algorithm can provide good bit error rate performance even if the mobile is moving at a high speed of 170-228 kilo-meters per hour, while the fading channel impulse response is 60 taps long.