Differential Evolution Approach for Reactive Power Optimization of Nigerian Grid System
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The goal of reactive power dispatch is to minimize the system losses and improve the system voltage profiles at all times. This is achieved by adjusting various generating units' excitation systems continuously, discrete tap positions of on-load tap changers of transformers as well as switching of correct doses of inductors or capacitors. This is a mixed integer non-linear optimization problem. In this paper, the differential evolution (DE), a novel evolutionary computation technique which was originally designed for continuous problems is applied to solve this problem. DE appears to ally qualities of established computational intelligence (CI) techniques with a more striking computational performance, thus suggesting the possibility of having the potential for on line applications in the control center; comparison work with other techniques is presently conducted. The developed tool was demonstrated on the Nigerian power system grid for three case scenarios preset on the power world simulator which was linked with DE for power flow calculation (fitness check of solutions). The results achieved revealed that DE procured a significant reduction of real power losses while simultaneously keeping the voltage profiles within the acceptable limits.