Estimating the Noise Mitigation Effect of Local Decoupling in Printed Circuit Boards
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Local decoupling, i.e., placing decoupling capacitors sufficiently close to device power/ground pins in order to decrease the impedance of power bus at frequencies higher than the series resonant frequency, has been studied using a modeling approach, a hybrid lumped/distributed circuit model established and an expression to quantify the benefits of power bits noise mitigation due to local decoupling developed. In this work, a test board with a local decoupling capacitor was studied and the noise mitigation effect due to the capacitor placed adjacent to an input test port was measured. Closed-form expressions for self and mutual inductances of vias are developed, so that the noise mitigation effect can then be estimated using the previously developed expression. The difference between the estimates and measurements is approximately 1 dB, which demonstrates the application of these closed-form expressions in the PCB power bus designs. Shared-via decoupling, capacitors sharing vias with device power/ground pins, is also modeled as an extreme case of local decoupling.