Thermal Efficiency of Steel Melting
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This paper presents the results of energy consumption measurements at steel foundries using induction and/or electric arc furnace melting. Statistical methods, infrared thermography, and numerical investigations were used for analysis of heat losses. The influence of different melting practices on energy losses was examined. Industrial experiments in isothermal holding of liquid steel in induction furnaces under different power inputs were used for evaluation of the real values of heat losses by radiation from liquid steel and conductivity through lining. Average values and statistical distributions of energy consumptions for melting steel are presented in this article.