FDTD Modeling Incorporating a Two-Port Network for I/O Line EMI Filtering Design
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Electromagnetic interference (EMI) filters are often utilized on I/O lines to reduce high-frequency noise from being conducted off the printed circuit board (PCB) and causing EMI problems. The filtering performance is often compromised at high frequencies due to parasitics associated with the filter itself, or the PCB layout and interconnects. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) modeling can be used to quantify the effect of PCB layout and interconnects, as well as filter type, on the EMI performance of I/O line filtering. FDTD modeling of a T-type and -type filter consisting of surface-mount ferrites and capacitors is considered herein. The FDTD method is applied to model PCB layout and interconnect features, as well as the lumped element components, including the nonlinear characteristics of ferrite surface-mount parts. The EMI filters with ferrites; are included in the modeling by incorporating the time-domain Y-parameters of the two-port network into the FDTD time-marching equations. Good agreement between the FDTD modeling and S-parameter measurements supports the new FDTD algorithm for incorporating two-port networks.