In this work, we attempt to show the differences between traditional qubit-based spintronic methodology for quantum computation and the possible ballistic quantum network implementations. Flux qubits can be considered topologically similar to the persistent currents possessed as the angular momentum in Aharonov-Bohm loops, which can be coupled and thus entangled together. Since entanglement is guaranteed for coupled quantum networks, starting from a point-contacted situation, we first investigate how varying the degree of entanglement strength can affect the superposition of the four possible states for two isolated flux qubits being brought together. In general, the superposition is destroyed once the degree of entanglement is altered from the point-contact situation. However, we show that for a specific network with maximum entanglement, a Bell state situation can be produced. We then examine the effects of varying the external perturbation strength on the readout capability in quantum networks by changing the coupling strength through the cross-sectional area ratio. From the analysis of our results, we are persuaded to believe that two universally accepted components for quantum computing are not valid in the quantum network approach: the need of a weak perturbation for measurement of computational results and the requirement of fixed entanglement among qubits. We show there is an interplay between the strength of the entanglement and that of the external perturbation for high-fidelity classical readouts.
C. A. Cain and C. Wu, "Quantum Network Theory of Computing with Respect to Entangled Flux Qubits and External Perturbation," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 15, American Institute of Physics (AIP), Apr 2013.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4801807
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Computational results; Coupling strengths; Cross sectional area; Degree of entanglement; External perturbations; Persistent currents; Quantum Computing; Weak perturbation, Explosives; Quantum computers; Quantum optics, Quantum entanglement
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2013 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.