Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

"This study is carried out in the Bogda Mountains, NW China, and aims to provide a detailed sedimentary, stratigraphic, environmental, and paleoclimatic reconstruction in the paleo-mid-latitude along the east coast of Pangea. The Middle Permian lower and upper Quanzijie low-order cycles (QZJ LCs) provide a nearly complete sedimentary record in an area were little is known. In the first part of this work, the previously-established QZJ LC is divided into two LCs on the basis of regional stratigraphic correlation and major changes in depositional environments and tectonic and climatic processes. The newly-established lower QZJ LC is mainly composed of meandering streams and associated overbank deposits that formed under a semiarid climate with strong precipitation seasonality and its delineation demonstrates that a process-response approach is effective in time-stratigraphic analysis of complex nonmarine fluvial-lacustrine strata. In the second part of this work, the depositional environments of the upper QZJ LC are interpreted as a mixture of meandering and ephemeral stream and loess deposits. Loess in the region is poorly-documented and its presence indicates persistent arid to semiarid conditions during upper QZJ LC. The uppermost part of the upper QZJ LC records a major climatic change to humid-subhumid as a result of the global icehouse to hothouse transition. Finally, the fluvial conglomerates and sandstones in the lower and upper QZJ LCs are interpreted as being derived from the northern Tian Shan volcanic arc to the south and from local rift shoulders. This study provides a detailed sedimentologic, stratigraphic, environmental, and paleoclimatic reconstruction in an area were little is known and aims to provide a record in an important time period in the Earth's history when major climatic and biotic changes occurred."--Abstract, page iv.

Advisor(s)

Yang, Wan

Committee Member(s)

Hogan, John Patrick
Wronkiewicz, David J.
Oboh-Ikuenobe, Francisca
Tabor, Neil J.

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Geology and Geophysics

Sponsor(s)

Geological Society of America
Ed Picou/GCSSEPM
American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Al Spreng Graduate Research Grant from the Geology and Geophysics Program of Missouri University of Science and Technology
University of Missouri Research Board
Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2015

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Nonmarine Time Stratigraphy in a Rift Setting: An Example from the Mid-Permian Lower Quanzijie Low-Order Cycle, Bogda Mountains, NW China
  • Loess and Fluvial Deposits and Their Implications on Paleoclimatic Conditions During an Icehouse-Hothouse Transition, Capitanian Upper Quanzijie Low-Order Cycle, Bogda Mountains, NW China
  • Provenance and Depositional Conditions of Fluvial Sandstones and Their Controlling Processes in a Rift Setting, Mid-Permian Lower and Upper Quanzijie Low-Order Cycles, Bogda Mountains, NW China

Pagination

xvii, 392 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.

Time Period

Permian

Rights

© 2015 Jonathan Obrist Farner, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Geology -- China -- Bogda Mountains
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Permian
Geology -- China -- Loess Plateau
Paleoclimataology

Thesis Number

T 10722

Electronic OCLC #

913405459

Comments

This research was partially supported by a research grant from University of Missouri Research Board and a research grant (No. 2011ZX05008-004-053) from Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences to Wan Yang

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