Magnetic Properties of Fe₂GeMo₃N
An experimental and computational study
A polycrystalline sample of Fe 2GeMo 3N has been synthesized by the reductive nitridation of a mixture of binary oxides in a flow of 10% dihydrogen in dinitrogen. The reaction product has been studied by magnetometry, neutron diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy over the temperature range 1.8 ≤ T/K ≤ 700. The electronic structure and magnetic coupling have been modelled by Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo methods. Fe 2GeMo 3N adopts the cubic η-carbide structure with a = 11.1630(1) Å at 300 K. The electrical resistivity was found to be ∼0.9 mΩ cm over the temperature range 80 ≤ T/K ≤ 300. On cooling below 455 K the compound undergoes a transition from a paramagnetic to an antiferromagnetic state. The magnetic unit cell contains an antiferromagnetic arrangement of eight ferromagnetic Fe 4 tetrahedra; the ordered atomic magnetic moments, 1.90(4) μ B per Fe atom at 1.8 K, align along a <111> direction. DFT predicts an ordered moment of 1.831 μ B per Fe. A random phase approximation to the DFT parameterised Heisenberg model yields a Néel temperature of 549 K, whereas the value of 431 K is obtained in the classical limit for spin. Monte Carlo calculations confirm that the experimentally determined magnetic structure is the lowest-energy antiferromagnetic structure, but with a lower Néel temperature of 412 K. These results emphasise the potential of these computational methods in the search for new magnetic materials. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
P. D. Battle et al., "Magnetic Properties of Fe₂GeMo₃N," Journal of Materials Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, Jan 2012.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2jm32574h
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© 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry, All rights reserved.