Title

Effects of Oxidative and Physical Treatments on Inactivation of Cylindrospermopsis Raciborskii and Removal of Cylindrospermopsin

Abstract

The presence of toxic cyanobacterial blooms (or blue-green algae) in water bodies used either as drinking water or for recreational purposes may present serious health risks for the human population. In this study, the removal of the chemical toxin, cylindrospermopsin, via free chlorine, chlorine dioxide, monochloramine, permanganate, ozone, and UV irradiation was studied. Ozone and free chlorine were found to be highly effective for cylindrospermopsion removal while the other disinfectants were ineffective. Ozone and free chlorine were also determined to be highly effective for the inactivation of the cyanobacteria, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, at typical water treatment exposures, chlorine dioxide, monochloramine, and permanganate were only marginally effective at inactivation of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii.

Department(s)

Chemistry

Second Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Blue Green Algae; Chemical Toxins; Chlorine Dioxides; Cyanobacteria; Cyanobacterial Blooms; Cyanotoxin; Cylindrospermopsin; Drinking Water; Free Chlorine; Human Population; Monochloramine; Physical Treatments; UV Irradiation; Waterbodies; Algae; Amination; Chlorine; Disinfection; Health Risks; Ozone; Ozone Water Treatment; Potable Water; Surface Waters; Chemicals Removal (Water Treatment); Chlorine; Cylindrospermopsin; Permanganate Potassium; Algal Bloom; Cyanobacterium; Disinfection; Irradiation; Oxidation; Removal Experiment; Toxin; Water Treatment; Aerobic Metabolism; Animal Cell; Chemical Structure; Cylindrospermopsis; Cylindrospermopsis Raciborskii; Disinfection; Enzyme Inactivation; Health Hazard; Nonhuman; Physiotherapy; Ultraviolet Irradiation; Water Supply; Chloramines; Chlorine; Chlorine Compounds; Chromatography; Liquid; Extracellular Space; Intracellular Space; Manganese Compounds; Microbial Viability; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxides; Ultraviolet Rays; Uracil; Chlorophyta

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

02731223

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2009 IWA Publishing, All rights reserved.


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