Separation and Quatitation of Short-Chain Coenzyme A's in Biological Samples by Capillary Elecrophoresis


Because of the importance of coenzyme A's (CoA's or CoASH) in many metabolic processes and the biosynthesis of some carbohydrates and lipids, many methods have been developed to separate and determine their levels in various tissues for metabolism studies, including enzymatic assays, paper chromatography, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). However, inadequate separation of coexisting CoA's in biological samples was often encountered due to the similarity of their structures. In this paper, we demonstrated for the first time the separation and quantitation of 12 different CoA's by using capillary electrophoresis with UV detection at 254 nm. All 12 CoA's (CoASH, HMG CoA, methylmalonyl CoA, succinyl CoA, methylcrotonyl CoA, isobutyryl CoA, oxidized CoA, acetyl CoA, crotonoyl CoA, n-propzoyl CoA, acetoacetyl CoA, malonyl CoA) were completely separated at -30 kV in a 100 mM NaH2PO4 running buffer containing 0.1% ß-cyclodextrin at pH 6.0. The total separation time was less than 30 min. The signal response was linear over 2 orders of magnitudes (from 1 to 100 nmol), and the detection limits were in the picomole range. The effects of pH, buffer concentration, additives, and operation voltages on sensitivity and resolution were also discussed. This technique, described here, is much more sensitive, faster, and simpler than the published HPLC methods and can potentially be used for mechanistic study in biological systems involving CoA metabolism.



Keywords and Phrases

Biological Samples; Biosynthesis; Carbohydrates; Coenzymes; Lipids; Liquid Chromatography; Metabolism; Separation; Tissue; Electrophoresis; 3 Hydroxy 3 Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A; Acetyl Coenzyme A; Coenzyme A; Malonyl Coenzyme A; Animal Tissue; Capillary Electrophoresis; Controlled Study; Enzyme Assay; Enzyme Isolation; Liver; Nonhuman; PH; Quantitative Assay; Rat; Animals; Buffers; Coenzyme A; Electrophoresis, Capillary; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Liver; Rats; Reproducibility Of Results; Sensitivity And Specificity; Ultraviolet Rays

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