Methyl Nitrate, Hydrazoic Acid, and their Conjugate Acids. A Configuration Interaction Study of the Gas-Phase Proton Transfer Equilibrium and of Acid-Catalyzed Fragmentation Reactions
Methyl nitrate, hydrazoic acid, their conjugate acids, and selected reactions were studied with ab initio methods. Potential energy surfaces were explored at the RHF/6-31G* level, and electron correlation effects were estimated with third- or full fourth-order perturbation theory and with configuration interaction methods using the 6-31G*, 6-311G**, and 6-311G (df,p) basis sets. CH3ONO2 and its conjugate acids were also studied with semiempirical methods (MNDO, AMI, PM3). Relative isomer stabilities and conformational preferences of protonated CH3ONO2 are reported. Ester-O protonation is preferred over Oterm protonation, and intermolecular proton transfer is more likely for their gas-phase isomerization. Aminodiazonium ion is greatly preferred over iminodiazenium ion, by 27.1 kcal/mol at CISD/6-31lG**//MP2/6-31G*+ ΔVZPE. In good agreement with experiment, the reaction energy of ΔE = 2.9 kcal/mol was found for the proton-transfer reaction CH3ONO2 + H2N3+ ⟷ (CH3ONO2)H+ + HN3 at CISD/6-31lG**//RHF/6-31G*+ ΔVZPE. At this level, the gas-phase proton affinities of HN3 and CH3ONO2 are ΔE1 = 187.6 and ΔE2 = 184.7 kcal/mol, respectively. The PA(HN3) at this level is within 1 kcal/mol of our best value obtained at CISD/6-311G(df,p)//MP2/6-31G*. These theoretical results suggest that the reported experimental proton affinity of HN3 (176.6 kcal/mol) might be too low as a consequence of evaluating the proton transfer equilibrium with an underestimated proton affinity of CH3ONO2. Ester-O protonated CH3ONO2 is best described as methanol-solvated NO2+, and its dissociation requires only 17.5 kcal/mol at CISD/6-311G**// RHF/6-3lG*+ ΔVZPE. In sharp contrast to prior semiempirical results, dediazotization of aminodiazonium ion is endothermic by 73.6 kcal/mol at CISD/6-311G(df,p)//RHF/6-31G*+ ΔVZPE.
R. Glaser and G. S. Choy, "Methyl Nitrate, Hydrazoic Acid, and their Conjugate Acids. A Configuration Interaction Study of the Gas-Phase Proton Transfer Equilibrium and of Acid-Catalyzed Fragmentation Reactions," Journal of Organic Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 18, pp. 4976-4986, American Chemical Society (ACS), Aug 1992.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/jo00044a037
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© 1992 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.