Ab initio Quantum-Mechanical Study of the Stability of Cyclic α-Acetoxy-N-Nitrosamines: Amine N→no Dative Bonding in α-Hydroxy-N-Nitrosamines versus N→Carbocation Dative Bonding in N-Nitrosiminium Ions
The dissociations of α-hydroxy-N-nitrosopyrrolidine, 1, and α-hydroxy-N-nitrosopiperidine, 2, to form the nitrosiminium ions, 3 and 4, respectively, have been studied as models for the SN1 process of the corresponding α-acetoxy-N-nitrosamines. In excellent agreement with experiments, the ionization of the pyrrolidine derivative is found to be more endothermic at ab initio levels up to MP4(SDTQ)/6-31 G*//RHF/6-31 G* and including corrections for thermal motions. This finding is explained with more efficient N→NO π-dative bonding in 1 compared to 2 while ring size effects in 3 and 4 are rather small. The activation barriers to NN-rotation provide quantitative measures of the strengths of the N→NO π-dative bonding in 1-4 and the transition-state structures 1-TS-4-TS for the rotation about the NN bonds in 1-4 were determined. Electron density analyses (NBO) and electrostatic field analysis (CHELPG, MKS) were performed to assess the extent of N→NO π-dative bonding in α-hydroxy-N-nitrosamines and the electronic relaxation associated with the competition between amine N→NO and N→carbocation π-dative bonding in N-nitrosiminium ions. The comparative analysis of the structural and electronic relaxation associated with ionization in the presence (1-4) or absence (1-TS-4-TS) of the possibility for N→NO π-dative bonding demonstrate in a compelling fashion that σ-polarizations are responsible for most of the electron density relaxation.
R. Glaser, "Ab initio Quantum-Mechanical Study of the Stability of Cyclic α-Acetoxy-N-Nitrosamines: Amine N→no Dative Bonding in α-Hydroxy-N-Nitrosamines versus N→Carbocation Dative Bonding in N-Nitrosiminium Ions," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 121, no. 22, pp. 5170-5175, American Chemical Society (ACS), Jun 1999.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/ja990298x
Keywords and Phrases
Alpha Hydroxy N Nitrosopiperidine; Alpha Hydroxy N Nitrosopyrrolidine; Nitrosamine; Pyrrolidine Derivative; Unclassified Drug; Chemical Binding; Chemical Structure; Dissociation; Ionization; Molecular Model; Nonhuman; Polarization; Quantum Mechanics; Thermodynamics
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 1999 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.