Functionalization of Polylactic Acid with Maleic Anhydride in a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Medium
Biodegradable polymers are a global topic of interest, particularly bio-based polymers such as poly(lactic acid) (PLA). PLA is also commonly blended with other polymers to improve its properties and expand its applications. When used as a compatibilizer, PLA grafted with maleic anhydride has been shown to improve the mechanical properties of PLA blends with starch and in PLA/layered-silicate nanocomposites. In this research, the grafting of maleic anhydride to granulated PLA was demonstrated in a supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) reaction medium. This process is preferred over alternative grafting methods because most polymers swell significantly in scCO2, the maleic anhydride monomer and benzoyl peroxide initiator can be dissolved by scCO2, and the simple separation step of depressurization removes both spent initiator and excess monomer. NMR spectroscopy and FTIR spectroscopy were used to verify grafting and to determine the achievable graft level.
A. Niemoeller et al., "Functionalization of Polylactic Acid with Maleic Anhydride in a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Medium," 2008 AIChE Annual Meeting, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), Nov 2008.
2008 AIChE Annual Meeting
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Maleic Anhydrides; Polylactic Acid
Article - Conference proceedings
© 2008 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), All rights reserved.