Reformulation of Solid Propellants and High Explosives: an Environmentally Benign Means of Demilitarizing Explosive Ordnance
Polymer Bound Explosives (PBXs) and Class 1.1 Military Propellants have been reformulated for use in the mining industry. There is a minimal waste stream. the explosives are sensitive to initiation by a #8 cap. Impact sensitivities have routinely passed 5 kg meter stimuli, initiation by 50,000 V AC and the BAM friction protocols at 1000 rpm under a 11 kg load for 10 seconds. the explosives were packed into sticks, slurried or used as pourable mixes. VoDs of 2.4 to 6.2 km/s were realized with τ = 0.9 - 1.35 t/m³. the explosives have powers comparable to a range of dynamites. the Beaver Code based upon Lotus 1.2.3 --g™ was developed to predict explosive properties.
D. S. Wulfman et al., "Reformulation of Solid Propellants and High Explosives: an Environmentally Benign Means of Demilitarizing Explosive Ordnance," Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Wiley, Jan 1997.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450750510
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Commercial Explosives; Demilitarization; Military Explosives/Propellants; Resource Reuse; Waste Free
Article - Journal
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